CLEVELAND, Ohio – Cocaine is becoming more prevalent in Cuyahoga County’s drug overdose deaths, and officials say that’s largely because drug dealers are mixing it with the powerful opioid fentanyl.
Data from the Cuyahoga County medical examiner’s office shows cocaine was a factor in approximately 45 percent of drug overdose deaths last year, the highest percentage in more than a decade.
Here’s a look at some of the key takeaways from cleveland.com’s reporting.
In the five-year period from 2011 to 2015, cocaine was a factor in 30 to 35 percent of Cuyahoga County’s drug overdose deaths. But its prevalence grew to 39 percent in 2016, 41 percent in 2017 and 45 percent last year, according to statistics from the medical examiner’s office.
Other Northeast Ohio counties have also seen an uptick in cocaine-related deaths. In Mahoning County, which includes Youngstown, the drug was a factor in half of all fatal overdoses in 2018. In Lorain County, it was detected in 54 percent of overdose deaths last year.
Dealers are mixing fentanyl with “everything”
Cuyahoga County Medical Examiner Thomas Gilson said drug mixtures, such as a fentanyl-cocaine combination, are more common than they were 10 years ago. He attributed their pervasiveness to drug dealers trying to increase their customer base.
Carole Negus, the nursing director at Stella Maris, a Cleveland mental health and addiction treatment center, said drug mixtures increase the level of danger for the average drug user buying on the street.
“It’s really kind of a crapshoot when they’re out there, what they’re getting,” she said.
Cocaine-fentanyl combination is shifting demographic data
Cocaine-fentanyl mixtures have caused a massive shift in the demographic data related to overdose deaths, the medical examiner’s office statistics show.
In each year from 2006 to 2012, African-Americans accounted for more than half of all cocaine-related overdose deaths, including a peak of 66 percent in 2007. That percentage has dropped precipitously in the years since, falling to just 30 percent last year.
Officials hope fentanyl test strips will help
The Alcohol, Drug Addiction and Mental Health Services Board of Cuyahoga County’s 2019 budget includes $15,000 for the Care Alliance Health Center to buy and distribute fentanyl test strips, which can be used to detect the drug when it is mixed with cocaine, heroin and other substances.
The ADAMHS Board is also planning a grassroots effort to get the strips into places like bus stations, public libraries, recreation centers and bar bathrooms.